With the announcement of the 2nd release of Windows 8 “The Consumer preview edition” back in February I thought it would be a good time to finally crack it open and take a look. I’m interested from several different perspectives:
- Is this thing even usable as a tablet and subsequently as a desktop.
- How consumer and corporation friendly is it.
- How polished is it in it’s current state (perhaps inferring some relative release timeframe).
To start with though, I need to get Windows 8 installed somewhere and that’s what this post is all about. Luckily enough I’ve had a Lenovo S10-3T netbook for a little while now and it generally acts as a living room/kitchen browsing machine. In other words, the perfect machine to cannibalize! Windows 8 will install onto the S10-3T with a little elbow grease. To get started, let’s take a look at the installation requirements of Windows 8 and the hardware specs for the S10-3T.
|Processor ||Intel Atom 1.66GHz N450 |
|Ram ||2GB DDR2 |
|Hard drive ||320GB 6400RPM SATA |
|Wi-Fi ||802.11b/g/n |
|Screen type ||Multi Touch Touch Screen - Swivel and Rotatable |
|Screen size ||10.1 |
|Resolution ||1024 × 600 |
Note: The Lenovo S10-3T had several flavors of hardware, so your S10-3T may not necessarily have the same specs.
Windows 8 Consumer Preview’s Minimum System Requirements
From Windows 8 Consumer Preview: Frequently asked questions
|Processor ||1GHz or faster 32 Bit or 64 Bit |
|Ram ||1GB for 32 Bit and 2GB for 64 Bit |
|Hard disk space ||16GB Available hard disk Space for 32 Bit and 20 GB Available Hard Disk Space for 64 Bit PC's |
|Graphics card ||DirectX 9 Graphics Device with WDDM 1.0 or higher driver. |
|Resolution ||??? |
Additional requirements to use certain features:
- To use touch, you need a tablet or a monitor that supports multitouch.
- To access the Windows Store and to download and run apps, you need an active Internet connection and a screen resolution of at least 1024 x 768.
- To snap apps, you need a screen resolution of at least 1366 x 768.
Initially this looks to be a pretty grim issue. The S10-3T only has a max resolution of (1024 x 600) and the minimal resolution “To access the Windows Store and to download and run apps” is 1024 x 768. Oddly enough Windows 8 will let you install on lower resolutions (perhaps this’ll be changed by release), however I can’t imagine the experience being all that spectacular without being able to download and run apps.
Searching the internet for workarounds reveals a handful of people already having installed Windows 8 on the S10-3T (albeit the previous preview) using a registry hack to enable higher resolutions via down scaling (more specifically 1024 x 768 and 1152 x 864). See liliputing.com and lenovos103t.com/jessebandersen.com for more information. But what is down scaling actually doing?
In numerical modeling, downscaling refers to techniques that take output from the model and add information at scales smaller than the grid spacing
Quoted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Downscaling
In other words we still only have 600 physical pixels, we’re just jamming 768/864 worth of pixel data into 600 pixels of space and hoping for the best. Display properties will show the increased resolution of 1024 x 768 and 1152 x 864, but under the covers the operating system will down scale that to 600 pixels. The other downside is that the aspect ratios are slightly different, so the display is going to look somewhat stretched horizontally. All in all this isn’t a perfect solution, however it’s the only solution. Additionally looking at some screen shots online was reassuring enough in that the horizontal stretch isn’t unreasonable. If it’s between down scaling or no apps, I’ll take the down scaling.
Note: I’ll get into the exact details of how to do this during implementation.
32 Bit or 64 Bit
With the Windows 8 Consumer Preview we have the choice of pulling down either the 32 bit version or the 64 bit version. Additionally the S10-3T’s hardware is 64 bit compatible. After a little bit research it looks like 32 bit is the clear winner in this case.
There are very few advantages to 64 bit for the S10-3T. 64 bit windows programs actually take a little extra RAM because their memory pointers are a little bit bigger. Therefore even at Idle the 64 bit system is taking more RAM memory.
RAM usage with 32 bit OS at idle: about 480MB
RAM usage with 64 bit OS at idle: about 650MB
Also you have to remember that now the OS will try to run compatibility programs and therefore more processes which will slow your CPU and take RAM space.
2GB is not a large amount of RAM and you are better of with the 32 bit os. If you have 4GB RAM in a system then 64 bit seems like a better idea.
Quoted from: http://www.lenovos103t.com/2010/03/32-bit-vs-64-bit-windows-7-on-s10-3t.html
A Good Time for a Backup
I really had nothing important on my S10-3T, however I still created a full backup in just in case something did go horribly wrong. Depending on your situation you may not need this step at all or may need to just backup a handful of files. Regardless, I have a license for Acronis True Image and just used that to do a quick backup over the network. The pricing is good and the product works, good enough in my book. Only needed 20GB of space, which transferred over the LAN at a reasonable pace.
Warning Before Installation
After installation the WIFI was in the “off” state (as if it had been turned off via the fn key) and the necessary driver for fn key functionality is Lenovo specific and not part of Windows 8 Consumer Preview. In my case I just plugged in an Ethernet cable and downloaded the necessary drivers. You may want to download the drivers to a usb key first before continuing with installation if you’re only on WIFI. See the drivers section for more information.
Web Installer or ISO
The Web Installer option is probably the easiest option to use for installation, since the S10-3T doesn’t have a DVD drive, if you used the Web Installer skip to the next section.
In my case I started out looking for the ISO and didn’t even realize there was an installer until afterwards. If you do go the ISO route, then you will need an external USB DVD drive. I happened to have one lying around collecting dust so this option worked out pretty good.
Burn the ISO to DVD using “Windows Disc Image Burner”, which should be in the Context Menu in Windows 7, unless you have another ISO burning program installed in which case you need to select “Open With” and then select “Windows Disc Image Burner”.
Next up, hook up a USB DVD and boot from the DVD. For some reason the S10-3T refused to boot from the DVD even with the boot order updated correctly to have the DVD before the hard drive. I removed everything else (besides the DVD) from the bootable options and this forced it to boot from the DVD.
Once booted in to the installation DVD let it work it’s magic. If you opted for the DVD/ISO install you need this product key during installation: NF32V-Q9P3W-7DR7Y-JGWRW-JFCK8 as detailed on the Windows 8 Consumer Preview: Frequently asked questions page.
After the first reboot make sure to set your boot options back to normal in the bios.
A Couple of Reboots Later
Windows 8 Consumer Preview should be installed after a couple of reboots. Go ahead and do all of the initial configuration and log in. Notice that Windows 8 appears to be working relatively fine despite our low resolution (the true minimum resolution must be less than 1024 x 600). Note: I had already logged in and customized a few things by the time this screen shot was taken so you’re Start screen may look slightly different.
Increasing the Resolution
Now that we have Windows 8 running it’s time to tackle the resolution issue. Per the Minimum System Requirements “To access the Windows Store and to download and run apps, you need an active Internet connection and a screen resolution of at least 1024 x 768. ” and we certainly want to download and run apps otherwise running the preview wouldn’t be very interesting or useful.
- Swipe from right to left towards the right edge of the screen and select the Search icon in the upper right.
- Type “regedit” into the “Search Apps” box and then start regedit.
- Search for “Display1_DownScalingSupported” (Ctrl-F) in the registry and change the value from 0 to 1
- Repeat for additional entries of “Display1_DownScalingSupported” (F3 for Find Next) in the registry
- Go back to the Search entry as done in step 1
- Select the “Settings” option and type in “display” into the search box
- Select “Change display settings” and adjust the screens resolution to either 1024x768 or 1152x864.
Now we have a resolution that we can experience most of Windows 8 with. The only thing we’re missing out on is the ability to “snap” apps, which isn’t that big a deal.
As mentioned above in the “Warning Before Installation” section, after installation there may be issues with the fn keys not working. The WIFI started in the “off” state and without the fn key combo functionality there was no way to turn it on. After plugging in an Ethernet cable and a few Google searches later I found this post from Jesse B Andersen describing the drivers required to get the fn keys and power management to work.
Sam, thanks for sharing the 64bit experience! I'm unsure if the drivers from Lenovo are meant to work with 64bit, but you are our first 64bit tester.
The brightness setting could be part of Lenovo's Energy Management. The Fn stuff is from the Intel Chipset driver if I remember right.
Go to Lenovo’s drivers download page and install the drivers from the Chipset category for Windows 7.
At this point most fn keys should be working. Since Lenovo’s drivers wire up the fn key for WIFI to Lenovo’s Energy Management suite, it needs to be installed as well.
After the installation WIFI should now be toggleable with the fn key and we’re good to go. Note that the toggle window will only show in desktop mode.
Although installing Windows 8 Consumer Preview on the S10-3T can be a little involved and tricky at times, the payout in terms of usability and performance are well worth it. Windows 8 has given my S10-3T a new lease on life. It’s like a brand new machine. The touch features are dead on, touch dragging, touch scrolling and pinch zooming work smoothly. After seeing the performance benefits I’d have a hard time justifying reverting to Windows 7. Now I just have to figure out how to use it and how to put together a few test apps.
If you’re interested in dual booting with Windows 7 there’s a good guide posted at lucienkblog.wordpress.com